According to a newly published research earlier this week in Global Change Biology, nature is becoming more homogenized due to the ongoing climate changes. The researchers have suggested that the ongoing changes are largely due to climate change and habitat conversions which are encouraging uniformity.
In order to find out the probable effects on the biodiversity in a given area, researchers surveyed a mixture of plant and bird species. Understandably, the researchers found out that certain species tend to thrive in wetter sections of the forest while others prefer drier sections. Interestingly, the changed areas of forest showed that the areas contain species common to both dry and wet lands.
Talking about the findings, the lead author Daniel Karp, said, “Across Central and South America, we are seeing large areas being converted from native forest to agriculture, and droughts are becoming more frequent. Both of these global pressures are favoring the same species and threatening the same species. This means we may be losing biodiversity faster than we previously thought when we were studying climate change and habitat conversion individually.”
The group of researchers also found that the ongoing changes due to conversion of forest have harshest effects on several selected bird species. However, there are species of birds which seem to thrive in on given condition thanks to their increased ability to adapt.
With the latest findings, researchers are hoping to encourage everyone to preserve the biodiversity in the wetter section of the forest. Since most of the changes in the forest areas are largely created farmers who are actively converting the forests for increased farming areas, researchers are planning on using their research to persuade them to preserve the forests and their biodiversity.
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