Mars is easily one of the leading contenders for establishing human civilization beyond earth. While that future might be a long time away, according to Johann-Dietrich Wörner, director general of European Space Agency, establishing colony in the planet might not be a good idea after all due to its harsh climate.
While NASA’s goal to send humans to the red planet inside next two decades is promising, technological challenges to achieve that feat is really high. For example, scientists from time to time have argued the risk factors associated with travelling such a long distance. Even if astronauts do manage to get to the planet, the real challenge begins afterwards due to the planet’s harsh conditions.
Recently, Johann-Dietrich Wörner talked to The Times about the future of space exploration and he commented on the life and climate of Mars. He said, “Colonization is the wrong word. Would you like to stay in a place where half of the month it’s dark and half of the month there’s sun? That is the moon. No. To stay for two weeks in darkness, that’s not a nice life.
“Mars is the same. If you go to Mars the light situation is a bit better, but you cannot go outside for a small walk. Always you have to be sheltered and covered, but you cannot even bring your dog to the next tree. The Martian was nice, but Mars is not nice.”
While as of now, it’s highly improbable to establish a human civilization in Mars, sending human to the planet nevertheless will be another achievement by our species. We will need to wait and see what future beholds in the field of space exploration.