If you are following physics related news recently, you might already know that there have been several weird and mysterious discoveries in recent time. Now, new results from ‘A Large Ion Collider Experiment” known as ALICE, are adding to the strangeness of recent findings.
According to CERN website, ALICE is one of the seven detectors and its role is to “study the physics of strongly interacting matter at extreme energy densities, where a phase of matter called quark-gluon plasma forms.” Recently, the LHC was used to collide particles together at extremely high speed to create temperature which can be 100,000 times more than the temperature of our sun and the results were highly surprising.
In case you are new to the complex problems of physics, then you might not know the concept of quarks. Protons and Neutrons are made up with Quarks and Quarks are held together by gluons and quarks so far have never been observed in isolation. In the recent experiment where the temperature reached extreme level, Quarks and Gluon were released and together they formed quark-gluon plasma along with increased production of “strange hadrons.” Prior to this, strange hadrons have never been observed in collisions between protons and talking about the result, Federico Antinori, spokesperson at CERN said, “We are very excited about this discovery,” said Federico Antinori, Spokesperson of the ALICE collaboration. “We are again learning a lot about this primordial state of matter. Being able to isolate the quark-gluon-plasma-like phenomena in a smaller and simpler system, such as the collision between two protons, opens up an entirely new dimension for the study of the properties of the fundamental state that our universe emerged from.”
Although the results were predicted way back in 1980s, this is the first time physicists have managed to get the result. The press release announcing the result noted, “Studying these processes more precisely will be key to better understand the microscopic mechanisms of the quark-gluon plasma and the collective behavior of particles in small systems.”
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