Researchers Develop Two-Dimensional Materials that Conduct Electricity at the Speed of Light

In recent years, research focusing on 2D materials has increased in numbers as they can potentially affect a large number of fields. The area attracted even more attention as scientists managed to isolate graphene recently. And now, researchers have recently published a study in Nature to note down details of development of 2D quantum materials that can have surprising electrical and magnetic attributes.

Recently, researchers at UC Irvine have managed to develop a compound called chromium germanium telluride (CGT), a superthin carbon film which can potentially replace silicon in computers. Interestingly, the material have magnetic properties that make it a viable material for a computer’s memory and storage systems. As quantum computing has long been dubbed as the future of computing, the material can potentially change the area. Another discovery by the team makes the study of 2D materials even more interesting.

In another study, the team of researchers have noted their observations regarding another 2D material which is a superconductor that breaks time-reversal symmetry. The superconductor exists between surface between bismuth and nickel and both of the materials conduct  electronic signals carried by Dirac or Majorana fermions — and not by electrons, as in silicon. As they don’t have mass, the particles can move at near speed of light and is ideal for required operations related to quantum computing.

However, as of now, the 2D surfaces are still unstable and it’s one of the required qualities for using these materials in quantum computing. As one of the scientists from the group pointed out, if the 2D surface can be created in normal temperature, it would open up new horizon for computers and other related technology. For example, 2D materials would create better processor to handle qubits which can process information in much better way.

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