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Later this year, scientists are set to create the coldest spot in the universe by using Cold Atom Laboratory.
The Cold Atom Laboratory is a box that is created by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory which is funded by NASA. Recent reports have confirmed that the CAL is nearly completed as it is set to make a trip to space later this year in August. After it reaches the International Space Station, five different scientific teams will use the device to conduct different experiments.
This can lead to significant breakthrough in science as atoms create Bose-Einstein condensate. In this state, matters behave more like waves. Since the atoms move towards earth due to gravity, they will give the scientists more time to observe the waveforms of matter created in such state. Robert Thomson believes that the device will render Bose-Einstein condensates observable for up to five to 10 seconds with its current state and if CAL is improved, it can allow a much longer observation time.
He said, “Studying these hyper-cold atoms could reshape our understanding of matter and the fundamental nature of gravity. The experiments we’ll do with the Cold Atom Lab will give us insight into gravity and dark energy—some of the most pervasive forces in the universe.”
CAL deputy project manager Kamal Oudrhiri mentioned the possible impact these experiments in our lives. For example, the findings can help to improved technologies, including quantum computers, sensors, and atomic clocks for navigation on spacecraft.
He said, “This means that even with all of our current technologies, we are still blind to 95 percent of the universe. Like a new lens in Galileo’s first telescope, the ultra-sensitive cold atoms in the Cold Atom Lab have the potential to unlock many mysteries beyond the frontiers of known physics.”